ZHONGHUA SECONDARY SCHOOL

 

Moe Sexuality Education in Schools

1.         Sexuality Education (SEd) aims to help our students understand the physiological, social and emotional changes they experience as they mature, develop healthy relationships including those with members of the opposite sex and make wise, informed and responsible decisions on sexuality matters. SEd is premised on the importance of the family as the basic unit of society. This means encouraging healthy, heterosexual marriages and stable nuclear family units with extended family support. The teaching and learning of SEd is based on respect for the values and beliefs of the different ethnic and religious communities in Singapore on sexuality issues.

2.         The goals of SEd are to:

i.           Help students make wise, responsible and informed decisions through the provision of accurate, current and age-appropriate knowledge on human sexuality and the consequences of sexual activities;

ii.         Help students know themselves and build healthy and rewarding relationships through the acquisition of social and emotional skills of self-awareness, management of their thoughts, feelings and behaviours, development of empathy for others, possession of effective communication, problem-solving and decision-making skills; and

iii.        Help students develop a moral compass, respect for themselves and for others as sexual beings, premised on the family formed from a healthy, heterosexual marriage as the basic unit of society, through the inculcation of positive mainstream values and attitudes about sexuality.

 

3.         The key messages of SEd are:

i.          Love and respect yourself as you love and respect others;

ii.         Build positive relationships based on love and respect (which are the foundation for strong families);.

iii.        Make responsible decisions for yourself, your family and society; and

iv.        Abstinence before marriage is the best protection against STIs/HIV and unintended pregnancies. Casual sex can harm and hurt you and your loved ones.

   

 

 


Overview of Zhonghua Secondary School ’s SEd Programme for 2014

4.         Sexuality Education is delivered in a holistic manner through the school curriculum. The content for SEd is grouped into 5 main themes: Human Development, Interpersonal Relationships, Sexual Health, Sexual Behaviour, and, Culture, Society and Law. You may click here for more information on the scope of SEd in the school curriculum.

Formal Curriculum

5.         Sexuality Education is taught through the formal curriculum. The subjects that incorporate topics on sexuality include:

i.          Science

ii         Character and Citizenship Education (CCE)

Growing Years (GY) Programme

i.           “The Teenage Years (2nd Edition)” (Lower Sec) Teaching & Learning resource package

ii.          “Sense & Sensibility (2nd Edition)” (Upper Sec) Teaching & Learning resource package

6.         The values and attitudes of our youth towards sexuality are increasingly shaped by their peers, exposure to the media, popular culture and the Internet. Adolescence is a complex stage in life as the adolescent attempts to find his/her own identity and often struggles with new social relationships. The period of middle adolescence (generally from 15 – 17 years old) can be a turbulent period for adolescents. The gap between physical and emotional/cognitive maturity may result in a tendency to act on impulse, experiment with various activities (including sexual activities), sometimes without understanding the unpleasant consequences that may arise from such experimentation. The need for peer acceptance from within themselves and from peers, it is important to build a strong sense of self-worth, personal conviction and an understanding of the possible consequences of sexual behaviour.

 

7.         Through “The Teenage Years” and “Sense & Sensibility” packages, secondary students will have the opportunity to develop a positive self-esteem, develop their character, and expand their understanding and repertoire of skills to deal with various issues related to sexuality, which are of prime concern at this age.

 


At ZHONGHUA  Secondary School , the following lessons from the GY series will be covered in 2014:

Secondary 1

 

UNIT LESSONS /
DURATION
LESSON OBJECTIVES
At the end of the lesson, students will be able to
TIME
PERIOD
The Real Self
(Part 1)
1
(60 mins)
  • know how one's perceptiom of his body is linked to personal experiences and the sources of information that are taken in
  • recognise that one's self-perception is influence by his perception of his body
  • know strategied to develop healthy/positive perception of one's body
Term 3,
Week 7
Lessons about Love
(Part 1)

2
(60 mins)

  • recognise the importance of cultivating friendship with members of the same and opposite sex
  • recognise what constitutes healthy and unhealthy relationships
  • recognise the influence of peers on oneself and one's value system
  • distinguish between various types of love
  • know that te underlying value for healthy relationship is respect
Term 3,
Week 8
3
(60 mins)
  • recognise the importance of developing a friendship before committing to a romantic relationship
  • recognise what dating involves
  • know the different levels of physsical intimacy in a relationship
  • know that certain public displats of affection are not considered appropriate behaviour in our society
  • recognise that it is important to seek their family's views, beliefs and expectations with regard to dating and romantic relationships in teenage years
Term 3,
Week 9
"Familliar"
Strangers Alert
(Part 1)
4
(60 mins)
  • reflect on the reasons for people to use social networking sites to make friends or to engage their existing friends
  • know the usefulness and dangers of making friends over social netwoking platforms
  • recognise that the media can influence the what people think, feel and behave
  • identify ways to protect themselves from negative influences from the media
Term 3,
Week 10
5 - Part 1
(30 mins)
  • know the physiological, psychological and social impact of sexual abuse on the individual
  • recognise the provision of Singapore laws that serves to protect teenagers from sexual perpetrators and persecute thos who have committed such crimes
  • identify sources to seek help and support
Term 4,
Week 1
5 - Part 2
(30 mins)
Main Task
  • Students work in groups to describe how the media can influence relationships (with self, peers, and the opposite sex) and then present this in the form of a poster
Term 4,
Week 2

Secondary 2

UNIT LESSONS /
DURATION
LESSON OBJECTIVES
At the end of the lesson, students will be able to
TIME
PERIOD
Lessons about Love
(Part 2)
6
(60 mins)
  • identify why relationships break down
  • identify the emotions that accompany the breakdown of a relationship
  • know healthy ways of coping with rejections and breakups
  • recognise the need to be respecful and responsible in ending a relationship
  • know ways to seek support whe goinf through a breakdown of relationship and offer support for those going through the same
Term 3,
Week 6

7
(60 mins
)
&
8 - Part 1
(30 mins)

  • recognise the sources of temptation and situations that lead to pre-marital sex
  • resist pressure to engage in sexual activites
  • know the consequences of engaging in pre-marital sex
  • recognise that respect and responsible decision making are important in relationships
  • recognise the value of sexual abstinence
  • identify sources to seek help and support when faces with teenage pregnancy
Term 3,
Week 7
8 - Part 2
(30 mins)
Main Task
  • Students work in groups through a chosen scenario
    • the consequences of pre-martial sex
    • the value of abstinence before marriage
    • skills to say 'no' to temptations or pressure to have sex
  • They then present the above through a letter, poem, short story or drawing
Term 3,
Week 8
At the Crossroads
(Part 1)
9
(60 mins)
  • describe what pornography is, and why people vie pornographic materials
  • examine the effects of pornography on self and others
  • know what masturbation is, and its relation to pornography
  • recognise the harmful consequences of excessive masturbation
  • recognise that they are able to make responsible decisions to manage their sexual desires
  • know appropriate sources to obtain accurate information about sex
Term 3,
Week 9
10
(60 mins
)
  • know/define what gender role is
  • know the influence of family, culture and society on one's perception of his/her gender role
  • appreciate/affirm one's own unique qualities and characteristics as a male or female
  • know/define what sexual orientation (heterosexuality and homosexuality) is
  • recognise the need to treat people with respect regardless of their sexual orientation
Term 3,
Week 10

Secondary 3

UNIT LESSONS /
DURATION
LESSON OBJECTIVES
At the end of the lesson, students will be able to
TIME
PERIOD
Lessons about Love
(Part 3)
1
(60 mins)
  • recognise what constitutes responsible datinf
  • evaluate if a dating relationship is healthy or unhealthy
  • demonstrate competencies in managing emotions in dating and romantic relationships
Term 2,
Week 2

2
(60 mins)

  • recognise differences in perspective of dating and romantic relationships
  • evaluate one's readiness for romantic relationships
  • recognise challenges that occur in the context of a relationship
  • examine how our response to emotions can affect relationships positively or negatively
Term 2,
Week 3
3
(60 mins)
  • recognise the different levels of physical intimacy in a relationship
  • know the prograssive nature of actions that lead to sexual arousal and intercourse
  • recognise that one may unintentionally invite sexual intimacy through one's verbal and non-verbal behaviour
Term 2,
Week 4
4
(60 mins)
  • evaluate the norms acceptability for public display of affection
  • recognise how new media has shaped public perception of acceptability of public display of affection
  • identify the strengths and limitations of new media in allowing people to develop serious relationships
  • recognise how new media has influences relationship building both positively and negatively
  • appreciate the value of face-to-face relationships
Term 2,
Week 5
The Real Self (Part 2) 5 - Part 1
(30 mins)
  • recognise the importance of having healthy self-esteem that is not affected by external influences
  • demonstrate strategies to identify and evaluate sources that contribute towards healthy self-esteem
  • recognise the importance of self-esteem in building friendships identity and healthy relationships
Term 2,
Week 6
5 - Part 2
(30 mins)
Main Task
  • Students work in groups to present the positive and negative messages about self-image received from a chosen source (peers, teachers, families, or the media), and share tips on managing the negative messages through a poster, pamphlet or comic strip
Term 2.
Post Exam

Secondary 4

UNIT LESSONS /
DURATION
LESSON OBJECTIVES
At the end of the lesson, students will be able to
TIME
PERIOD
Lessons about Love
(Part 4a)
6
(60 mins)
  • explain the process of grief and loss that people experience when a relationship breaks down
  • exercise sensitivity and empathy when communication break-ups
  • recognise that one can emerge stronger after a break-up
Term 1,
Week 6

"Familiar" Strangers Alert
(Part 2)

7
(60 mins)

  • know what is considered pornographic material on the Internet under the Internet code of practice
  • reflect on the legal consequences of sexual behaviour and include these considerations in their decision-making pertaining to pornography
Term 1,
Week 7
At the Crossroads
(Part 2)
8
(30 mins)
  • distinguish between biologically-based and socially-conditioned gender characteristics
  • evaluate views towards self and others, with regard to gender differences and stereotypes
Term 1,
Week 8
Lessons about Love
(Part 4b)
9
(60 mins)
  • recognise that commitement is a necessary ingredient for success in a marriage
  • identify responsibilities involved and the challenges faced in marriages
Term 1,
Week 9
NA 10
(60 mins)
Main Task
  • Students work in groups on a topic of interest from the following: rejections and broken relationships, pornography or gender identity
  • They then share their learning for the chosen topic in the form of a pamphlet, comic strip or inspirational card
  • Students will reflect on their own learning and teacher will round up by summarising on the key learning outcomes
Term 1,
Week 10

Secondary 5

UNIT LESSONS /
DURATION
LESSON OBJECTIVES
At the end of the lesson, students will be able to
TIME
PERIOD
Lesson about Love
(Part 5)
1
(60 mins)
  • reflect on the qualities of a healthy romantic relationship
  • evaluate one's readiness for a romantic relationship. leading to marriage
  • recognise that intimacy in a relationship need not be limited to physical intimacy
  • recognise that break ups can allow one to understand oneself better
Term 1,
Week 6

NA

2
(60 mins)

Main Task
  • Teacher can conduct a dialogue session with the class on the following and where appropriate provide relevant feedback to guide students:
    • My ideal life partner
    • My future
    • Potential obstacles
    • My pillars of support
Term 1,
Week 7

eTeens Programme:

8.         eTeens is a programme developed by Health Promotion Board, in collaboration with the Ministry of Education, for Secondary 3 students.  The programme was introduced to secondary schools in 2007 as the Breaking Down Barriers (BDB) programme, to provide students with accurate information on STIs, HIV and protection from a health perspective.  eTeens is conducted in two segments – a mass talk segment and a classroom-based programme

9.         Students are taught skills such as decision-making, assertiveness and negotiation to say “no” to sex and negative peer pressure.  They also learn that the impact of STIs/HIV extends beyond themselves and involves their family.  Abstinence and upholding family values are the key messages.  The desired outcome of the eTeens programme is that students are empowered to make wise, informed and sensible decisions.

At ZHONGHUA Secondary School   , the eTeens programme will be implemented as follows in 2014:

 

Topics/Lessons

What pupils will learn:

Time Period

Mass Talk by HPB appointed vendor

·         Awareness of the different STIs and HIV/AIDS

·         Modes of transmission

·         Modes of protection, specifically on how the condom is used

·         Consequences and impact of STIs/HIV

Term 2:

 Sec 3 assembly programme
(after MYE)

Class-based Lesson Lesson 1: Decision-Making

·         Understand there are consequences in any decision one makes regarding sexual intercourse

·         Realise that decision-making is a process that can be learnt

·         Understand that one needs correct and accurate infromation to make the right decisions regarding one's sexual health

·         Learn to make decisions that will reduce the risk to their sexual health

Term 2:

 

Post Exam Activity

Classroom-based Lesson Lesson 2: Assertiveness

·         Understand what assertive behaviour is

·         Practise responding to persuasion assertively

Term 2:

 

Post Exam Activity

Classroom-based Lesson 3:

Negotiation

·         Practice negotiating one's way out of a negative situation by applying skills learnt from Lesson 2

·         Learn risk reduction for STIs/HIV and assess situation to aid the control of impulses in sexual behaviour

Term 2:

 

Post Exam Activity

 

Information for Parents

10.       Parents may opt their children out of Growing Years, eTeens and/or sexuality education programmes by external providers.

11.       Parents who wish to opt their children out of the Growing Years (GY) programme need to complete an opt-out form.  This form will be distributed to parents at the start of the year and is also downloadable here.  A hardcopy of the form, duly completed and signed, is to be submitted to the school office by Term 1 (upper secondary) and Term 3 (lower secondary).

12.      Parents who wish to opt their children out of the eTeensneed to complete an opt-out form.  This form will be distributed to parents at the start of the year and is also downloadable here.  A hardcopy of the form, duly completed and signed, is to be submitted to the school office by Term 1.

13.       Parents may wish to attend the school sexuality education programmes with their children.  Parents should contact the school to make the necessary arrangements.

14.       Parents can contact the school at 6282 4339 or the school email at zhonghua_ss@moe.edu.sg for discussion or to seek clarifications about the school’s sexuality education programme.